Crossrail is among the most significant infrastructure projects ever undertaken in the UK. From improving journey times across London, to easing congestion and offering better connections, Crossrail will change the way people travel around the capital.
Building the new railway involves constructing eight new stations in central London and Docklands and upgrading many existing stations. Stretching from Maidenhead and Heathrow in the west, across to Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east, the new railway will cover 118km of track including 21km of new twin-bore rail tunnel.
Crossrail will, for the first time, produce a direct connection between all of London’s main business centres, linking Heathrow, with Paddington, the West End, the City and Canary Wharf.
Up to 24 trains per hour will operate in the central section between Paddington and Whitechapel during peak periods, with each train able to carry 1,500 passengers. An estimated 200 million people will travel on Crossrail each year.
When Crossrail opens in 2018, it will increase London's rail-based transport network capacity by 10 per cent and dramatically cut journey times across the city. Through the new transport links and significant over-station developments being delivered, Crossrail will support regeneration across the capital with economic forecasts suggesting the project will add up to £42 billion to the economy.
As Europe’s biggest construction project, Crossrail is also creating thousands of jobs and training opportunities as well as business opportunities for companies of all sizes to supply services and materials.
Using the Crossrail service will make travelling in the region easier and quicker, and help to reduce crowding on London's transport network. Crossrail services are due to commence in 2018.
37 stations connected, 9 new stations - a new railway for the 21st century
- 28 existing Network Rail stations from Maidenhead in the west to Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east will be connected to 21km of twin bore tunnels under central London
- New Crossrail stations will be built at Paddington, Bond Street, Tottenham Court Road, Farringdon, Liverpool Street, Whitechapel, Canary Wharf, Custom House and Woolwich
- The new stations will be on a scale not seen since the Jubilee Line Extension opened in 1999
21 kms of new twin-bore tunnels under central London
- New twin-bore tunnels measuring 21km in length will be built under central London with tunnelling starting in spring 2012
- Over the coming year, Crossrail’s tunnel boring machines (TBMs) will be delivered after which digging of the tunnels under London will begin
- The TBMs will weave their way between existing underground lines, sewers, utilities and building foundations at depths of up to 40 metres to create the tunnels required to deliver the new railway
New train services, reduced journey times
- Crossrail will deliver new train services and reduced journey times with up to 24 trains per hour between Paddington and Whitechapel during peak times
- Each Crossrail train will be around 200 metres long and be able to accommodate up to 1,500 passengers
- Around 200 million passengers will travel on Crossrail each year
Substantial economic benefits
- Crossrail will deliver substantial economic benefits in London, the South-East and across the UK
- Over the past few years Crossrail has let some of the largest value contracts in recent UK construction history – providing a much needed boost to the UK construction industry as well as creating major employment opportunities
- The estimated benefit of Crossrail to the UK economy is at least £42 billion