For information about remaining Crossrail construction works visit our Near You interactive map. For information about the Elizabeth line please visit the Transport for London website.

Crossrail’s 26 mile tunnelling marathon complete

Building a new railway, up to 40 metres deep through the heart of the capital, is an incredible engineering achievement.  The tunnels weave their way through the city’s underground landscape, within touching distance of existing railways as well as beneath some of the most historic buildings in London.

Building the new rail tunnels was a key part of Crossrail’s story. Crossrail tunnelling began in May 2012 and ended at Farringdon in May 2015 with the arrival of tunnelling machine Victoria.

For three years, eight 1,000 tonne tunnelling machines have bored 42km or 26 miles of new 6.2 metres diameter rail tunnels under London.

Crossrail tunnelling drives diagram

Crossrail’s deep, large-scale route under London comprised three distinct underground spaces:

Explore how some of the deepest, largest and longest tunnels were made in the most extensive underground building project in a generation.

 

Meet our giant tunnelling machines

Meet our giant tunnelling machines

Digging the new tunnels was a 24-hour a day job, 7 days a week. Crossrail used eight tunnel boring machines (TBMs)... Read more

Building the rail tunnels

Building the rail tunnels

Three years of tunnelling beneath the capital to construct 26 miles of new rail tunnels

Building the station tunnels

Building the station tunnels

Fourteen kilometres of station and platform tunnels, passenger walkways and other spaces are being created through... Read more

Crossrail tunnelling - 360° image gallery

Crossrail tunnelling - 360° image gallery

Explore Crossrail’s construction in stunning 360 degree panoramic imagery.