Crossrail is the first transport project to deliver integrated station designs with three elements in mind: the station, above station developments and improved public spaces. Each element complements the other to create places and transform spaces.
Future passengers will judge the success of the railway not only by the service and the stations but also by the experience of using the spaces outside the stations as they arrive and leave.
The designs represent over 40 improved spaces outside stations. In total that amounts to 190,000 sq m of space – the equivalent of 19 Leicester Squares or 27 areas the size of the new public space outside Kings Cross.
The urban realm designs include 24 new station forecourts and 12 improved forecourts, 20 new pedestrian crossings in addition to existing improved crossings, 328 new trees and 1,335 new bike parking spaces.
The Crossrail masterplans, including urban realm and transport interchange, have been designed in partnership with local authorities, Transport for London (TfL) and, on our surface section, Network Rail.
The key principles of the designs aim to be: attractive, adaptable and sustainable so their use can change over time; accessible including, where possible, step free; legible and free from clutter; and safe and secure. Importantly they also aim to retain the identity, diversity and characteristics of local areas giving confidence to local communities and to potential investors.
To implement these designs requires funding. The total cost of the urban realm improvements outside every station on the Crossrail route is estimated at £130m. The target is to raise and implement £90m of improvements by Crossrail line opening in 2018. The funding will be split three ways between Crossrail, TfL and third parties (principally local authorities through developer contributions).
Crossrail has integrated designs for 12 major property developments over and around its key central London stations. Development plans cover over three million sq ft of high-quality office, retail and residential space.
The receipts from property developments are targeted to generate an income of approximately £500m as part of the core Crossrail funding strategy.