Major upgrades are being delivered to allow more trains to run more reliably once Crossrail services begin. These include:
A new flyover has been installed at the junction to Heathrow in west London to add capacity this busy section of the railway. This consists of a new bridge to carry the trains coming from Heathrow over the Great Western main line leading to a viaduct and two ramps to link in with the tracks heading into Paddington.
At 120m long, the 1,000 tonne bridge is the largest single span rail bridge to have been installed anywhere to the west of London since the days of Brunel and the whole structure stretches to more than a mile in length.
The flyover will ensure that Elizabeth line and Heathrow Express services heading towards central London will be able to join the Great Western Main Line without delaying, or being delayed, by other trains using the route.
The first ramp, now being used by Heathrow Connect services, has been in use since January 2015. The second ramp, that will be used by Heathrow Express services, came into service in January 2017.
The bridge has been named ‘Sams Bridge’, after Richard Sams who had been the project engineer on Stockley from its inception in 2011 and whose work on the project played a major part in ensuring its success. Richard sadly died suddenly in 2014 while on holiday in Mexico.
A dive-under is an underpass which allows trains to pass under another railway track without being held up by trains on the above track. The new dive-under at Acton is needed so that trains leaving the nearby freight yard do not delay passenger trains heading toward central London.
Currently freight trains leave the yard by crossing the passenger tracks between Ealing Broadway and Acton Main Line stations. The new dive-under allows Paddington-bound passenger trains to pass under an exiting freight train without being delayed, increasing capacity and reliability.
The excavation of the dive-under itself began in October 2013 following nearly two years of work to re-configure the freight yard, which involved moving the tracks in the yard eight metres to the north, line by line over many weekends, and then putting in a new junction. The dive-under came into service in January 2017.
The Crossrail programme includes the electrification of the Great Western route between Stockley Flyover and Maidenhead, beyond which the task is picked up by Network Rail’s Great Western Mainline electrification team.
This work has involved the installation of 1,400 piles beside the tracks to provide foundations for the overhead line equipment and the erection of steel structures at approximately 50 metre intervals on both the main and relief lines to support the overhead wires. Vegetation has also needed to be cleared along the trackside in order to provide a safe environment for the operation of the high voltage wires.
The piling is nearing completion. Most of the structures have been erected and the wires are currently being installed along the route. Construction is expected to be completed by early 2017, allowing testing to take place soon after. The overhead lines are expected to be operational from mid 2017. This will not only allow the operation of the electric Crossrail trains from December 2019 but it will also support the earlier introduction of electric trains on the Great Western main line.