In pictures: Explore the artefacts
The Crossrail Archaeology Programme is one of the most extensive archaeology programmes ever undertaken in the UK. A project spanning over 100 kilometres with more than 40 construction sites has the potential to uncover many finds.
we have found over 10,000 artefacts right across the route. The finds uncovered from our work sites include prehistoric animal bones, Roman remains, human remains from the infamous ‘Bedlam’ psychiatric hospital and remnants of Britain’s industrial past. An extremely rare piece of UK amber, estimated to be 55 million years old, is also on display.
Here we provide an opportunity to explore some of those finds in our image gallery below. We hope you enjoy this gallery, and this window into the lives of Londoners past and the dramatically diverse events that shaped the city.
Gallery - selection of archaeological finds from across the project
Medieval floor tile
(c.1350–1390) A highly decorated floor tile, made at Penn in Buckinghamshire, found at Farringdon.
Surrey-Hampshire border whiteware tripod pipkin
(c.1550–1700) A pot for cooking on an open fire. Soot remains on the outer wall. Found at
English and imported pottery
(c.late 16th century) A typical group of English and continental ceramic vessels. Found at Farringdon
High quality English and imported pottery
(c.1550–1600) A high quality group of domestic stoneware including rare tankard. Found at Farringdon
Bones used in pin making
(16th-century) Trimmed Cattle/horse long bones. Grooves were used to hold the pins. Found at Farringdon
Left: Roman period (2nd or 3rd century AD) Found in the Walbrook stream alongside human remains. Found at Blomfield Street. Right: Post-medieval (c.1485–1900) Possibly refuse from nearby Smithfield Market. Found at Farringdon.
Box flue tile
Roman period (AD 43–410) Fragments of a tile.
Used in underfloor heating systems. Found at Moorgate
Roman period (AD 43–410) Bone hairpins for arranging the hair. Found at Moorgate.
(16th-century) Flat shoe, slip-on style, unisex. Found at Finsbury Circus.
(16th-century) Leather knife scabbard would have hung from belt. Found at Finsbury Circus
(14th or 15th century) From a lace-fastened shoe or low boot. Found at Finsbury Circus.
Post medieval (c.1485–1850) Small flat-based metal worker’s crucible, of uncertain date. Found at Finsbury Circus.
(1672) A limestone grave slab to Sarah Long who died in 1672. Found at Liverpool Street.
Roman period (AD 43–410) Adult skull, probably
male. Found at Liverpool Street.
Roman period (AD 43–410) Scale of this food bowl suggests catering for many hungry mouths. Found at Liverpool Street.
Two jars Roman period
(AD 43–410) Possibly accessory vessels from nearby burials or cremations. Found at Blomfield
Cremation vessel Roman period
(2nd century AD) Jar with remains of a lid contained a human cremation. Found at Blomfield Street.
Potter’s stamp Roman period
(AD 155–80) Gaulish ‘Samian’ tableware stamped with the name of the potter Paterclinus. Found at Finsbury Circus.
Roman Hairpins Roman period
(1st or 2nd century AD) Hairpins made of bone
and copper-alloy. Simple and ornate examples. Found at Liverpool Street.
Gaming counters Roman period
(AD 43–410) Bone gaming counters. Found at Liverpool Street.
Hinge segment Roman period
(AD 43–410) Bone cylinder hinge segment used in Roman cupboard. Found at Liverpool Street.
Spoon Roman period
(1st or 2nd century AD) Copper-alloy table spoon and skewer. Found at Liverpool Street.
Bracelet Roman period
(1st or 2nd century AD) Child’s bracelet made from pinkish copper and yellow coloured brass. Found at Liverpool Street.
Terret Roman period
(AD 43–410) Copper-alloy horse harness fitting. Signs of strap wear can be seen on the inside of the ring. Found at Liverpool Street.
Roman copper alloy and silver coins from the Liverpool Street site. Clockwise from the top: Hadrian AD 119-121, Licinius AD 316, Carausius AD 287-293 and minted in London, Gallienus AD 257, Septimus Severus AD 201, and in the centre Carausius AD 287-293.
(c.16th century) Copper-alloy bell. Used in the home or attached to an animal harness. Found at Liverpool Street.
Pottery ‘mercury’ jar
(c.1550–1800) Thick-walled jar for holding mercury, which was used to treat syphilis. Found at the Stepney Green community excavation.
A selection of Tudor earthenwares
(c.16th-century) Sherds from bowls, a jar, a costrel (flask) and a drinking jug. Found at the Stepney Green community excavation.
A selection of German stonewares
(c.1480–1550) Sherds from mugs and drinking jugs made at Raeren, near Cologne. Found at the Stepney Green community excavation.
(Late 19th or early 20th century) Iron winch chain from the Thames Ironworks shipyard. Found at the Limmo Peninsula, Canning Town.
Flint working waste
(c.7,000 to 4,000 BC) Stone tool making waste flakes. Found at North Woolwich.
(c.7,000 to 4,000 BC) Flint scraper tool for preparing animal hides. Found at North Woolwich.
Roman horseshoes, known as 'hipposandals',
found in wheel ruts in a minor Roman road at the Broadgate Ticket Hall site, and partly flattened by later traffic. Unlike modern horseshoes, these solid plates were strapped to the horses hooves, using the rings and lugs, whilst projecting 'wings' helped keep the shoe in place. Over half the finds of hipposandals in London are from the general area of Finsbury Circus, Liverpool Street, and Moorgate, on the northern edge of the Roman city. This may have been an area for stabling horses, perhaps a place where they were shod before venturing upon the metalled roads within the city.