The Crossrail Act giving permission for the railway to be built, operated and maintained received Royal Assent in July 2008.
The Crossrail Hybrid Bill was introduced to Parliament in February 2005 and like all legislation was fully considered by both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The Bill contained a description of the works to be undertaken, where they were to be carried out, and identified the land needed temporarily or permanently.
The Crossrail Bill was a so called hybrid bill which traditionally is used by the Government on behalf of railway companies and transport agencies to obtain authorisation for major projects deemed to be in the national interest, but which would also affect a large number of private interests. Such bills have been used periodically for rail and other major projects such as the Channel Tunnel, the Channel Tunnel Rail Link and the Dartford Tunnel.
The Parliamentary process adopted gave individuals and bodies, such as businesses or local authorities an opportunity to oppose the Crossrail Hybrid Bill or to seek its amendment before a Select Committee in either or both the House of Commons and House of Lords. This process also enabled detailed scrutiny of any amendments proposed to be made to the Bill.
The Bill was enacted on 22nd July 2008 when it completed all the Parliamentary stages and received Royal Assent to become The Crossrail Act (2008).
Transcripts and reports from the House of Commons and House of Lords Select Committees are available through these links:
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